Bunions are a common problem, experienced mostly by women, that can develop from an abnormality in foot function or arthritis, but is more commonly caused by wearing improper fitting footwear. Tight, narrow dress shoes with a constrictive toe box causes the foot to begin to take the shape of the shoe, leading to the formation of a bunion.
Women who have bunions normally wear dress shoes that are too small for their feet, causing their toes to squeeze together, which results in the first metatarsal bone to protrude on the side of the foot. Most male bunions are hereditary.
– A bulging bump on the outside of the big toe
– Swelling, redness, or soreness around the joint of the big toe
– Thickening of the skin at the base of the big toe
– Corns or calluses where the first and second toes overlap
– Persistent or intermittent pain
– Restricted movement of the big toe