The gradual deterioration of the spinal vertebrae and intervertebral discs can lead to a number of degenerative spine conditions such as:
In addition, spinal injuries that result from trauma, repetitive movement, or being overweight can speed up the process or cause spontaneous degeneration. The resulting structural changes in the spine can cause the foramen to become narrower, creating less space for exiting nerve roots.
Conservative treatment of foraminal stenosis may include:
Surgery will only become an option when conservative treatment fails to provide relief. Initially, patients are recommended to undergo a period of conservative therapy. In most cases, this is enough to provide relief from the pressure on the nerve and for the symptoms to improve. Other treatment options include spinal injections that can help in decreasing the inflammation in the area.