Sometimes referred to as degenerative joint disease, osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis that affects millions of people worldwide.
Osteoarthritis of the shoulder is a gradual wearing of the articular cartilage that leads to pain and stiffness. The risk of developing osteoarthritis in the shoulder increases with age, but can also occur after an injury, such as a fractured or dislocated shoulder. At times, it is simply due to hereditary traits.
Aside from pain, a limited range of motion while trying to move the arm can also be a sign of osteoarthritis, accompanied by a clicking/creaking noise.
Treating mild to moderate osteoarthritis typically involves resting the shoulder joint, applying hot/cold compresses to the affected area, participating in physical therapy, and taking anti-inflammatory medication.
If symptoms persist after conventional treatment is administered, surgery may be recommended. Common surgeries to treat shoulder arthritis include shoulder joint replacement, removal of the end of the collarbone, and replacement of the head of the upper arm bone. In this situation, your physician may consider stem cell therapy as a less-traumatic treatment option.